After reading Buchi Emechta’s Second Class Citizen, I became interested in the history of colonialism and postcolonialism, specifically in Nigeria. In order to contextualize the climate in which Emechta begins her novel, I decided to look at a brief history of colonialism in Nigeria. British colonies in Nigeria began trading slaves as early as the 16th century. In this century, as many as 3,000 slaves would be taken and sold each year. Nigeria has a long history of human rights violations due to colonial and post colonial influence. After gaining independence from the British Empire in 1960, Nigeria faced a divided nation as a result of different groups of people being put under the same political umbrella. Learning about the history of Nigeria was very interesting, because it explains some of the themes in the novel, and contextualizes the post colonial status of the country.